When should you take antibiotics?

It is not easy to distinguish moderate from severe bacterial infection of virus, taking into account only the symptoms. Therefore, therapists before you prescribe an antibiotic, usually rely on their intuition, knowledge and experience. Now we will tell you about the five reasons that doctors usually consider when deciding to prescribe antibiotics.

Moreover, antibiotic "triggered" once, can not act on the same person with the same disease. After the bacteria quickly adapt to the drug, and with repeated use, they know how to survive in an encounter with them.

Antibiotics - drugs, time-tested. It is to choose the appropriate physician participation necessary?

It is necessary to refer to the use of antibiotics as a fairly serious step. Any initiative is irrelevant here. To treatment of a single drug is successful it is necessary to choose which will work exactly in your case.

Amateurs in the pharmaceutical industry, what we are all very difficult to foresee the development of side effects and toxicity. And they almost always appear at the wrong dosage and the absence of "cover" warning complications. In addition, their illiterate actions we replenish the ranks of microorganisms resistant to a particular antibiotic. And, finally, on their own, we are unlikely to be able to calculate how many days should last antimicrobial therapy.

Heat.

Fever, chills and shivering are symptoms of a bacterial infection. But they are peculiar and viral infections, such as influenza, for example. Doctors determine the likelihood that you have picked up the flu (if there is an epidemic in the region and how many patients have been diagnosed with this disease in a day?), Not a bacterial infection.

If you have a fever, and you get the flu, the physician will most likely not prescribe antibiotics. The next year, should make a special vaccine.

The duration of the disease.

The rest is not cured viral infections often become more significant problems (eg, sinusitis), which are aggravated by exposure to bacteria. If the symptoms do not disappear within a few weeks, then the probability of prescribing antibiotics increases. But often long lingering symptoms not caused by the influence of bacteria and virus. Thus, this factor is not the best way to determine whether it is necessary to use antibiotics.

The color of the mucus.

In the case of viral infections have a clear nasal discharge, and a rare consistency. Yellow or green mucus may indicate the presence of bacteria. But the selection of bright green color are of viral origin. The color of the mucus - this is a very good indication need antibiotics.

Sore throat.

Though his throat and turned red and has acquired a terrible view, therapists often looking for white spots, which are signs of infection, indicating the need to prescribe antibiotics. Many cold starts with a sore throat. With no other symptoms, such as runny nose, perhaps, the fact angina, in which antibiotics play an important role, as the struggle with dangerous bacteria.

To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to pass certain tests. For this we need to spend a total of about 20 minutes.

Lab tests.

This is the only wide method for determining the need to use antibiotics. Usually they are going to discharge samples (all that the patient manages to cough up or blown out), as well as the throat swab is done. On the cultivation of microorganisms in the laboratory usually takes 1-2 days. Doctors often refuse to do tests and avoid additional costs, if it is possible to accurately set the diagnosis based on the symptoms listed above.