How safe are antibiotics?

Antibiotics have come into our lives as a deliverance from infections, tormented mankind for thousands of years.

However, after the emergence of powerful new drugs have started talking about them as' weapons of mass destruction, killing all living things. " The scientific discussion about antibiotics in full swing and we have already today it is important to know what antimokrobnaya therapy helps the body cope with the disease, causing minimum damage.

A long-standing acquaintance with this group of drugs does not prevent the use of unreasonable and haphazard. A cruel joke played with us the habit of some doctors prescribe antibiotics for any reason, at the slightest hint of an infection. (Of course, this is done with the best intentions, to heal more quickly and efficiently). According to American scientists, in every second (!) Case antibiotics are taken unnecessarily or without a doctor's recommendation.

The results of such "brute force" known. Antibiotics suppress not only pathogenic, but also useful microflora of the digestive tract, contribute to the appearance of intestinal dysbiosis and allergy. After all, the imbalance of microorganisms in the environment leads to a weakening of the immune system and excessive reproduction is not entirely harmless single-celled fungi. This is especially true for broad-spectrum antibiotics. In addition, pathogenic microbes were extremely tenacious. In the process of improving the products revealed that the drug kills only bacteria sensitive to it.

The strongest of them survive, the mutation occurs in their cells. It turns out that every day replenished supermikrobov army resistant to antibiotics. This causes scientists to create new products designed for new strains.

By the way, British doctors decided to severely restrict the mass enthusiasm for antibiotic. More recently, doctors are not allowed to prescribe these medications at a cold, cough, acute respiratory infections, lung gastrointestinal disorders, and other non-serious illnesses. If no antimicrobial therapy can not do, are assigned the minimum doses. Moreover, the treatment of such infections are trying to limit 3-4 days (whereas previously had to "sit on antibiotics" week or longer).

Now there are hundreds of drugs selectively acting on pathogens of various diseases. Are all the antibiotics can be considered antibiotics?

In the medical literature, the term "antibiotic" is often used to refer to all the antimicrobial agents. However, antibiotics are considered to be true based on the drug substance produced by microorganisms or semi-synthetic methods obtained. The active ingredients of these drugs cause the death of or stop the growth of germs, bacteria and some protozoa.

Not to be confused with antibiotics synthetic antibacterial agents which are different from the impact mechanism of infection and the body in general. Known to many drugs Biseptol, furatsilin, furazolidone, metronidazole, palin, nitroksolin - not antibiotics.

Is it true that from any infection can be eliminated with the help of potent antibiotics? After all, their effectiveness is proven in the treatment of serious diseases, and in the fight against banal rhinitis or acne.

In addition, pathogenic microbes were extremely tenacious. In the process of improving the products revealed that the drug kills only bacteria sensitive to it. The strongest of them survive, the mutation occurs in their cells. It turns out that every day replenished superm.

Antibiotics are useless against viral and other infectious diseases. Since most colds and acute respiratory infections are viral in origin, it is pointless to try to fight them with antibiotics (eg, ampicillin, erythromycin) or other antibacterial drugs (Biseptolum, Septrin, sulfonamides). The same can be said about the flu, measles, rubella, chickenpox, mumps, hepatitis A, B, C and so on. In these diseases, as well as acute respiratory infections, antibiotics are administered only after the onset of complications of bacterial, that is secondary infection. Main same treatment should be carried out preparations of other groups.

Antibiotics are not able to cope with the fungi, protozoa and worms that cause infectious diseases. These include fungi of the genus Candida, causing yeast, protozoa microorganisms - amoeba, giardia.

It is also known that diphtheria, botulism, tetanus develop after penetration into the body of bacterial toxins. Therefore, the main treatment is specific antitoxic sera: without the use of a disease can end tragically, even against the background of antibacterial therapy.

In some chronic infections, such as pyelonephritis, antibiotics are only in the period of exacerbation. In the future, the use of synthetic antibacterial agents and herbal medicine.

Groundless considered antibiotic treatment of acne. Antimicrobial chemotherapy in dermatology should be used in extreme cases. You always have an alternative to this treatment - natural anti-inflammatories.

And it is quite undesirable use of antibiotics for the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis due to their adverse effects on the normal microflora and suppress intestinal immune functions.
In addition, pathogenic microbes were extremely tenacious. In the process of improving the products revealed that the drug kills only bacteria sensitive to it. The strongest of them survive, the mutation occurs in their cells. It turns out that every day replenished supermikrobov army resistant to antibiotics. This causes scientists to create new products designed for new strains.

Still, the scope of antibiotics - is rapidly progressing infection or bacterial infection of vital organs, with which the immune system can not handle herself.

Now science become known to all new destructive abilities of antibiotics. So maybe give them up altogether and replace them with other drugs?

Without antibiotics can not do, if we are talking about life and death of man. As before they are "pivot" in overcoming sepsis, toxic tuberculosis. As long as there are no other drugs that can so powerfully and quickly to cope with life-threatening infection.

Fearing possible harm from antibiotics, some medicines prescribed by the doctor ignored even in a serious condition. Indeed, some of them may cause side effects. However, there are medications which are taken simultaneously with antibiotics as a cover. For example, suprastin, tavegil and other antihistamines can significantly reduce the risk of allergies. Bifikol or almost no atsilakt reduce the probability of occurrence of intestinal dysbiosis. Besides, dependence on antibiotics never formed.

Antibiotics are indispensable in the development of acute disease - angina and pneumonia, as well as in infectious inflammation which is localized in closed cavities (otitis media, sinusitis, osteomyelitis, abscess, cellulitis). We often prescribe antibiotics to people after surgery.

Without the use of antibiotics often develop serious complications. For example, if the treatment of pneumonia or sinusitis have passed without the participation of these drugs can cause chronic indolent disease

There are many chronic diseases that reduce quality of life, but treated only with antibiotics. This mycoplasma infection lung yersinioz, chlamydia and some other urogenital infections.

Of course, I prescribe antibiotics, the physician should evaluate the indications and contraindications. As the appointment of hormonal drugs and other potentially dangerous drugs that should be well estimated to calculate the benefit and the risk of side effects.
If any antibiotic helped once, which means that it can be successfully used in other diseases?
Oddly enough, but the causative agents of diseases with similar symptoms can be very different from each other. Moreover, all of the bacteria have a different sensitivity to various antibiotics.
For example, if a person recovered from a staph pneumonia with penicillin, it does not mean that it is necessary to treat cough appeared later. After all, it could be because not Staphylococcus, and Mycoplasma, insensitive to penicillin drugs.
Moreover, antibiotic "triggered" once, can not act on the same person with the same disease. After the bacteria quickly adapt to the drug, and with repeated use, they know how to survive in an encounter with them.
Antibiotics - drugs, time-tested. It is to choose the appropriate physician participation necessary?
It is necessary to refer to the use of antibiotics as a fairly serious step. Any initiative is irrelevant here. To treatment of a single drug is successful it is necessary to choose which will work exactly in your case.
Amateurs in the pharmaceutical industry, what we are all very difficult to foresee the development of side effects and toxicity. And they almost always appear at the wrong dosage and the absence of "cover" warning complications. In addition, their illiterate actions we replenish the ranks of microorganisms resistant to a particular antibiotic. And, finally, on their own, we are unlikely to be able to calculate how many days should last antimicrobial therapy.