Amoxicillin: description of the drug and instructions for use for children

Treatment of a child with amoxicillin

Most bacterial infections in children are treated with antibiotics. Some mothers are afraid to give the child strong medicines, especially if the age of the baby is less than 12 months.

It is important to understand that bacterial infections differ from viral ones in that they do not pass by themselves. If the disease is not treated, colonies of pathogenic bacteria begin to form in the body, which have a harmful effect on the work of internal organs.

Complications resulting from delayed treatment (or lack of it) can be very serious. In exceptional cases, even death is possible, so the harm from the use of antibiotics is much less than from the use of other methods of treatment. One of the drugs prescribed for infants with infections of bacterial origin is Amoxicillin, the instructions for use of which you will find in our article.

So, let's see if it is possible and when to give the child Amoxicillin, how to give it in tablets or suspensions, and what the dosage rules are.

Composition and properties

Composition and properties of capsules of amoxicillin. Description of the pill.

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic (semi-synthetic) used to treat diseases caused by aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.

These include:

  • streptococcus;
  • Staphylococcus (except for strains synthesizing penicillinase);
  • salmonella;
  • Klebsiella;
  • Gonorrhea and so on.

The active ingredient Amoxicillin is amoxicillin, an analog of ampicillin, which does not degrade in the acidic environment of the stomach under the influence of digestive enzymes. This property allows active components to reach the lumen of the intestine and directly affect pathogenic agents. The drug is completely absorbed by the mucous membranes of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and is quickly transported to organs and tissues.

Important! The highest concentration of amoxicillin is found in the liver. In small quantities, the drug can penetrate through the meninges (in case of their inflammation), so the use of the medicine is possible only with the permission of the pediatrician.

Form release: suspension, capsule or tablets

Amoxil form of release

Amoxicillin for children is produced in three dosage forms: capsules, tablets and granulated powder for the preparation of a suspension, which is sometimes incorrectly called a syrup.

For children under 3 years of age Amoxicillin is prescribed only in the form of a suspension, because at this age the baby does not know how to swallow capsules and can choke on them. The suspension has a sweet smell and a rich raspberry flavor, so there is usually no difficulty with how to give the medicine to a child.

Complete with granules there is an instruction and measuring spoon, with which you can measure the exact amount of the remedy (based on the doctor's recommendations or the annotation to the drug).

Important! The composition of the suspension is supplemented with simethicone. This substance is also called defoamer.

Simethicone refers to carminative drugs that eliminate colic, increased swelling and flatulence, which can prevent the occurrence of digestive disorders when using Amoxicillin (especially in children under one year).

When does this antibiotic prescribed?

When and under what conditions do you need to start using amoxicillin for children?

The drug in pediatric practice is widely used to treat bacterial infections. The doctor can prescribe Amoxicillin for the following diseases in children:

- intestinal infections;

- infection of blood (sepsis);

- Diseases of the respiratory system (sinusitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.);

- inflammation of the tonsils (sore throat);

- bacterial infections of the ENT organs (sinusitis, otitis media);

- cutaneous lesions;

- infections of the genitourinary system (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, etc.).

Amoxicillin is the drug of choice in the treatment of meningitis. This disease is deadly dangerous for children of any age, so parents should not doubt about the advisability of using antibiotics.

Important! Before starting treatment with Amoxicillin, a test is recommended to identify the pathogen and determine its resistance to this type of medication.

When should I not use amoxicillin?

Precautionary measures. When you do not need to take amoxil for children.

The drug has a lot of contraindications, therefore, it is up to the doctor to decide whether to treat Amoxicillin. The medicine can not be prescribed for the following diagnoses:

- diathesis of allergic type;

- bronchial asthma;

- hay fever;

- lymphocytic leukemia.

In some cases Amoxicillin is prescribed in combination with other drugs. For them, there are also restrictions on admission.

In combination with clavulanic acid: liver disease or partial organ dysfunction.

In combination with metronidazole: pathology of the hematopoietic and nervous system, lymphocytic leukemia.

Treatment with the drug is contraindicated in children with reactions of increased sensitivity or individual intolerance of the following components:

- penicillins;

- Derivatives of nitroimidazole;

- Cephalosporins.

Important! Amoxicillin is an antibacterial drug, therefore its purpose for respiratory viral infections or infectious mononucleosis is unjustified.

How does Amoxicillin affect children?

The action of amoxicillin on children's body.

The maximum concentration of amoxicillin in the blood is reached after 1.5-2 hours after taking the medication. To achieve a stable therapeutic effect, it is necessary to maintain a constant level of active substance in the blood plasma, so it is important to take the remedy with a certain interval (at regular intervals). After entering the intestine, amoxicillin destroys the bacterial cell membrane, causing the microorganism to die.

To completely suppress the spread of pathogenic flora in healthy areas of the mucous membranes, take the medicine for at least 5 days (without omissions).

How to take, dosage rules

To prepare a suspension, you need a vial of granules and boiled water at room temperature. Water should be carefully poured into the container to the specified level, then shake the bottle thoroughly.

The resulting composition should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 14 days. After this period, the medicine can not be taken. In the instructions for the preparation, the approximate (mean) values are indicated, which are a single dose. The exact dosage is selected by the doctor, taking into account age, body weight, severity of the underlying diagnosis, presence of concomitant pathologies, etc.

Standard dosages of Amoxicillin for children look as follows:

Up to 2 years (weight up to 20 kg) - 20 mg / kg (divided into 3 receptions);

From 2 to 5 years - 2.5-5 ml of suspension 1-2 times a day;

From 5 to 10 years - 5 ml 3 times a day;

Over 12 years - 500 mg 3 times a day (using tablets or capsules).

Important! You can not stop taking medication if there are signs of improvement, as bacteria can develop resistance to this type of antibiotic.

Amoxicillin can be taken at any time, regardless of food intake. It is not recommended for young children to give a suspension to an empty stomach.

Special instructions

Amoxicillin can cause an increase in allergic reactions, so it is cautiously prescribed to children prone to their occurrence.

The combination of amoxicillin and metronidazole for the treatment of children and adolescents does not apply.

In diseases of the liver and kidneys, as well as violations of blood clotting, correction of the dosing and receiving regimen may be required, therefore, it is necessary to carry out treatment under constant medical supervision.

Interaction with other substances

Some drugs can increase the concentration of amoxicillin in the blood. This must be taken into account when calculating the daily dose. Such means include:

- Diuretics;

- NSAIDs;

- Allopurinol;

- Probenecid;

- ascorbic acid.

When used concomitantly with the drugs listed below, it is important to monitor the concentration of amoxicillin in the blood, as they reduce the absorption (absorption) of the component:

- laxatives;

- Aminoglycosides;

- Glucosamine;

- Antacids.

Overdose

If you exceed the recommended dose of Amoxicillin for children, it may be necessary to wash the stomach.

In case of an overdose, use warm salt solution and sorbent preparations (for example, "Polysorb" or activated charcoal).

If the dose has been exceeded significantly, you need to call an ambulance or seek help from any medical institution.

Adverse events

- Organs of vision: conjunctivitis.

- Immune system: allergic reactions (eczema, urticaria, erythema).

- Musculoskeletal system: pain in the muscles and joints.

With prolonged use in children, there were dizziness, fever, confusion, convulsions. In some cases, the development of superinfections is not ruled out.

Important! Single cases of development of anaphylactic shock and edema of Quincke in children under the age of 12 were recorded.

These conditions can lead to death, so at the first signs you need to call an emergency team (the phone can be found at the ambulance station).

Price and storage

Granules for the preparation of suspension Amoxicillin in USA or Canadian online pharmacy can be purchased at a price of 40 to 150 dollars (the price depends on the region of residence).

Unopened packaging with granules can be stored at a temperature of 15-25 degrees for 3 years (within the expiration date).

Patients' reviews

Samuel, 32 years old:

"At 1.5 years the son became ill with pneumonia. Treated in hospital Amoxicillin. It is good, but we have a small rash all over the body.

The doctor said that from the drug. Spots did not itch and did not cause anxiety and completely passed after the abolition of Amoxicillin."

Ashanty Williams:

"I have been working in an infectious hospital for a long time. For the treatment of children coming to us, we use mainly Amoxicillin in the form of a suspension. It is good, but now there are stronger ampicillin preparations, enhanced with clavulanic acid. "

Maggy, 22 years old:

"Also had to give the baby Amoxicillin. The intestinal infection was cured in 7 days. Giving is convenient, the taste is pleasant. The child did not refuse to drink the medicine, but, most importantly, of course, the result."

Amoxicillin is a known and affordable medicine for the treatment of bacterial infections. With proper observance of the doctor's recommendations and instructions, the risk of side effects is minimal, so the suspension is widely used for home treatment and hospital use of infectious hospitals.